University of Minnesota
College of Food, Agricultural and Natural Resource Sciences
http://www.cfans.umn.edu
Go to the U of M home page
Department of Forest Resources

Center for Environment & Natural Resource Policy

Forest Practices

Best Practices for ForestryENRP_BiomassHarvest_pic

States have developed guidelines (also known as best management practices or BMPs) in response to growing public concern about the need to mitigate negative environmental consequences that can be associated with timber harvesting. Initially targeted at practices to protect water quality, state forestry guidelines now include timber harvesting and forest management practices to address a number of ecological and environmental concerns that often associated with these practices (e.g., soil erosion, reduced water quality, loss of wildlife habitat). Our research examines various policy questions surrounding the development, implementation, and effectiveness of state forestry guidelines.

Funding support:

Publications

Blinn, C.R., and M.A. Kilgore. 2003. Riparian management practices in the Eastern US: A summary of state guidelines. Journal of Water, Air, and Soil Pollution 4(1):187-201.

Blinn, C.R., and M.A. Kilgore. 2001. Riparian timber harvesting practices: A summary of state guidelines. Journal of Forestry 99(8):11-17.

Blinn, C.R. and M.A. Kilgore. 2001. Riparian management practices in the United States: A summary of state guidelines (.pdf). Staff Paper Series no. 154. St. Paul, MN: Department of Forest Resources, University of Minnesota. 

Ellefson, P.V., M.A. Kilgore, and D.G. MacKay. 1997. Minnesota timber harvesting roundtable: a case of negotiated natural resources policy development (.pdf). Staff Paper Series no. 121. St. Paul, MN: Department of Forest Resources, University of Minnesota.

Ellefson, P.V., M.A. Kilgore, and M.J. Phillips. 2001. Monitoring compliance with BMPs: The experience of state forestry agencies. Journal of Forestry 99(1):11-17.

Kilgore, M.A., and C.R. Blinn. 2004. Encouraging the application of sustainable timber harvesting practices: a review of policy tool use and effectiveness in the Eastern United States. Journal of Water, Air, and Soil Pollution 4(1):203-216.

Kilgore, M.A., and A.R. Ek. 2007. Cumulative forestry impact assessments: lessons learned and planning for states (.pdf). Staff Paper Series no. 193. St. Paul, MN: Department of Forest Resources, University of Minnesota. 

Kilgore, M.A., A.E. Ek, K.A. Buhr, L.E. Frelich, J.M. Hanowski, C.M. Hibbard, A.O. Finley, L.C. Rathbun, N.P. Danz, J.W. Lind, and G.J. Niemi. 2005. Minnesota timber harvesting GEIS: an assessment of the first 10 years (.pdf). Staff Paper Series no. 182. St. Paul, MN: Department of Forest Resources, University of Minnesota.

Kilgore, M.A., and P.V. Ellefson. 1998. Achieving sustainable forests in Minnesota: the Minnesota sustainable forest resources act. In Conference Proceedings: 1998 Society of American Foresters National Convention. Bethesda, MD: Society of American Foresters.

Kilgore, M.A., P.V. Ellefson, and M.J. Phillips. 2004. State BMP monitoring programs in the eastern United States. Journal of Water, Air, and Soil Pollution 4(1):119-130.

Kilgore, M.A., D.C. Zumeta, and G.A. Rose. 1998. Sustainable forestry initiatives in Minnesota. In Evolving Toward Sustainable Forestry: Assessing Change in U.S. Forestry Organizations. Washington, D.C.: Pinchot Institute for Conservation.

Phillips, M.J., and C.R. Blinn. 2004. State approaches for monitoring the application of best management practices and forest management guidelines: a regional summary (.pdf). Staff Paper no.173. St. Paul, MN: Department of Forest Resources, University of Minnesota.


Regulation of Forestry Practices

ENRP_stateCapitol_pic

Regulatory programs are but one of many types of strategies government uses to influence forest land management and use. Forest regulatory programs, which are developed and administered by individual states, require private landowners and timber harvesters to provide proof in advance that the practices and methods they intend to use are lawful and technically adequate and typically embody complex rules and procedures that invite rigorous and exacting enforcement. We carried out national reviews of state forest regulatory programs to better understand their structure, administration, and effectiveness in achieving forest stewardship objectives.

Funding support:

Publications

Ellefson, P.V., M.A. Kilgore, and J.E. Granskog. 2007. Government regulation of forestry practices on private forest land in the United States: an assessment of state government responsibilities and program performance. Forest Policy and Economics 9(2007):620-632.

Ellefson, P.V., M.A. Kilgore, and J.E. Granskog. 2006. State government regulation of forestry practices applied to nonfederal forests: extent and intensity of agency involvement. Journal of Forestry 104(8):401-406.

Ellefson, P.V., M.A. Kilgore, C.M. Hibbard, and J.E. Granskog. 2004. Regulation of forestry practices on private land in the United States: assessment of state agency responsibilities and program effectiveness (.pdf). Staff Paper no.176. St. Paul, MN: Department of Forest Resources, University of Minnesota. 

Kilgore, M.A. In press. Achieving sustainable forestry: Minnesota’s approach within the national landscape of state forest practice regulatory programs. Sustainable Forestry Regulations: Risks and Rewards in Regulating Forest Practices. Hew Haven, CT: Yale School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Global Institute for Sustainable Forestry.

Kilgore, M.A., and C. R. Blinn. 2004. Policy tools to encourage the application of timber harvesting guidelines in the United States and Canada. Forest Policy and Economics 6(2004):111-127.